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Posts tagged with: Mingoen Hariëtte

VHJI start Javaanse taalles voor behoud

De Vereniging Herdenking Javaanse Immigratie (VHJI) is voornemens om nog dit jaar te starten met de Javaanse taalles. Het gaat dan om de taal zoals die wordt gesproken in Suriname, zegt VHJI-voorzitter Elwin Atmodimedjo aan Starnieuws. “We doen dit om de gesproken Javaanse taal over te dragen aan de volgende generatie. De doelgroep is jongeren. Het gaat om behoud en tegelijkertijd kijken we hoe deze taal vast te leggen in het kader van immaterieel cultureel erfgoed.” read on…

Documentaire Jaji moet samenwerken stimuleren

Het gevoel van verbondenheid met elkaar leeft nog steeds in diverse vormen en in generaties na de Javaanse immigranten. “Het is anders, een andere beleving, doch niet minder!”, zegt Elwin Atmodimedjo, voorzitter van de Vereniging Herdenking Javaanse Immigratie (VHJI). “Wat wij nu in deze (huidige) generatie Javanen missen is, dat wij hard kunnen werken, maar het lijkt alsof wij niet kunnen samenwerken.” read on…

De Mingoens bijeen

door Hariette Mingoen

Familiegeschiedenis. Ik ben een nazaat van deze prachtige oude man, die ik alleen van verhalen ken. Hij had vier kinderen: Amir(m), Gedrug(m), Karsijem(v) en Nijat(m). De eerste drie zijn geboren in Indonesie en de jongste in Suriname. Ik kom voort uit dochter Karsijem die getrouwd was met Mingoen. Hun oudste kind hebben ze de naam Soejoed gegeven. En hij is mijn vader. read on…

Surinaamse Avond in Leiden

Het KITLV en de Universitaire Bibliotheken Leiden (UBL) nodigen u uit voor een ‘Surinaamse Avond’ op dinsdag 12 januari 2016, van 19.00 uur tot 21.00 uur in de Vossiuszaal van de Universiteitsbibliotheek, Witte Singel 27, Leiden. read on…

Nieuwe website Stichting voor Surinaamse Genealogie

De Stichting voor Surinaamse Genealogie heeft een geheel vernieuwde website. Een deel van deze website is publiek toegankelijk; voor het inzien van de databestanden dient men zich als lid van de Stichting aan te melden. Dan ontvangt men ook enkele keren per jaar het tijdschrift Wi Rutu, en soms ook andere publiacties, zoals lijsten met familienamen en plantages. Om een indruk te geven van het tijdschrift staat hieronder de inhoudsopgave van de laatste twee nummers.

De website vindt men door hier te klikken.

Wi Rutu 10/2 – december 2010
03 – Van de Redactie
05 – Javanen in Frans Guyana, Harriëtte K. Mingoen
20 – Orale geschiedenis en Surinaamse genealogie, William Man A Hing
29 – Een Amsterdamse apothekerszoon in Suriname, Jan van Schaik
32 – Van mijn opa: MAN Kau, William Man A Hing
36 – Graftombe.nl, Okke ten Hove
44 – Diversen
48 – Overzicht recente publicaties, Irene Rolfes

Wi Rutu 10/1 – juli 2010
03 – Van de Redactie
04 – Geslaagde Konmakandra’s in Nederland en Suriname, Pieter Bol
07 – Een woeste en onwillige bende; de geschiedenis achter de Koloniale Tentoonstelling 1883 te Amsterdam, Stevo Akkerman
14 – Wie was Sara Lemmers?, Martha Hering
20 – Eddy Taytelbaum, magiër, Ethel Gout
36 – Zanderij 1 in vroegere tijden (1930) en de ontwikkelingen, Eduard Vijzelman
38 – Epistels van Dr. Samuel Kissam, William Man A Hing
45 – De Mucuna-soort van Kissam, Jan van Donselaar
46 – Abraham George Ellis, slot, Gert Faken
54 – Het Meertens Instituut en Surinaamse Genealogie, Okke ten Hove
60 – Overzicht recente publicaties, Irene Rolfes

Tracing the life history of Javanese-Surinamese

by Alpha Amirrachman

When Lisa Djasmadi got involved in writing and editing a book on Javanese people in Suriname, she discovered many heartening stories. She had never heard stories like them before, chronicles of how her forefathers had departed from Java and arrived in Suriname, enduring numerous hardships along the way. “They were very poor and had to work very hard. I am very proud that they had the courage to leave their motherland, settle in Suriname and later move to the Netherlands to build a new life. Very courageous,” Lisa said during the book launching in The Hague.

The 158-page book — Migratie en cultureel erfgoed: Verhalen van Javanen in Suriname, Indonesië en Nederland (Migration and cultural heritage: Stories of Javanese in Suriname, Indonesia and the Netherlands) — was published by the Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies (KITLV) in collaboration with the Memorial Foundation Committee (STICHJI) in the Netherlands, the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) in Indonesia and the Memorial Javanese Immigration Association (VHJI) in Suriname.

The book assembles the life stories of three groups — the Javanese who migrated and settled for good in Suriname, the people who eventually left Suriname and settled in the Netherlands and those who had settled in Suriname but decided to return to Indonesia. Between 1890 and 1939, 32,956 Javanese arrived in Suriname, mostly as contract laborers. Only a quarter of them returned to Java when their contracts ended. Others returned to Indonesia later, stayed in Suriname or moved to the Netherlands.

KITLV, LIPI and VHJI tracked down Javanese-Surinamese in Indonesia and Suriname and interviewed them for the book, while STICHJI utilized life history methods to record people’s stories. For the book, Lisa (picture to the left), who is half-Javanese, half-Dutch, interviewed Wim Soekarman Kromoredjo, who was born in Lelydorp, Suriname, but now lives in the Netherlands. “I found him fascinating because he is very active in introducing Javanese traditions to the younger generation here in the Netherlands, like ludruk [Javanese theater] and gamelan [Javanese traditional orchestra]. He uses Dutch when performing ludruk to reach younger audiences,” Lisa said.

Wim, who plays both Surinamese and Indonesian versions of gamelan, says in the book that he is already accustomed to multiple identities, taking on Javanese roles at home and Dutch qualities outside the house. A study by Verkuyten and Brug in 2004 showed that for ethnic minorities like Surinamese in the Netherlands, personal achievement was positively correlated with ethnic identity for Surinamese men, but not Surinamese women. In Wim’s case, he sets aside his Javanese identity when outside the home and is a “real Dutch man” in the workplace.

Unlike Wim, whose parents brought him to the Netherlands, Sakri Ngadi’s grandparents brought him back to Indonesia. “The issue of returning to Indonesia was so hot at that time that it could cause a split within families,” said Sakri, who was born in Saramacca, Suriname, but now lives in Jakarta. Sakri’s grandparents settled in Tongar, a small village in Sumatra, where they tried to open up the forest. But life was much harder than they expected. They were lured by wishes and hopes, as well as misleading stories that gold was everywhere in Sumatra. They were bitterly wrong. Sakri’s grandparents and many other Surinamese regretted their decision to return to the motherland and became deeply frustrated, advising others still in Suriname not to return to Indonesia. Some returnees even committed suicide.

During Indonesia’s crisis in 1965, Sakri’s mother nervously requested her return to Suriname. He refused because he did not want to leave his grandmother alone to face the country’s bloody turbulence as his grandfather had already passed away. After a long, difficult time, he finally found a better life after moving to Jakarta and finding work at the state banknote printer Peruri. Sakri has returned to Suriname several times to visit his mother and his siblings.

Sakri’s story is a page from the life for Javanese-Surinamese who returned to Indonesia, and is one of many difficult and saddening accounts, said Hariëtte Mingoen, who is one of the editors of the book. Interestingly, many Javanese-Surinamese who determined to return to Indonesia did not return to Java, but to Sumatra instead. This movement perhaps shows the courageous character of the Javanese from Suriname to explore another new frontier, facing an ever-uncertain future in building a new life.

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One of among many groups of Javanese arriving in capital Paramaribo, Suriname in 1923 (taken from the book, page vi).

Those who stayed in Suriname also struggled with identity issues and self-esteem. Rita Tjien Fooh-Hardjomohamad, who was born in Suriname’s capital Paramaribo, said no one in her family ever attempted to return to Indonesia. Even after Suriname’s independence on Nov. 25, 1975, her family chose to stay in Suriname while many were moving to the Netherlands because of fears of instability in the newly independent state. But, Rita found teenage life in rural Koewarasan restricting. Her parents were stern and raised her and her siblings under the strict rule of Islam. “I did not have access to Javanese culture like ledek [dancer] or gamelan,” she said. In order to liberate herself, Rita aspired to a university education. She ended up getting a two-year diploma in history in order to get a teaching job, as she did not want to burden her family for too long. She became fascinated with history and eventually became the director of the National Archives, which often collaborates with similar institutions in Indonesia and the Netherlands. Rita said, “Javanese women have to know what they stand for. They must be self-assured and know their own identity and not deny it. We are in Suriname, so we must be a part of Surinamese society, but we will never lose sight of our identity as Javanese”.

The book project included young Javanese-Surinamese who acted as interviewers in the Netherlands, “to make them appreciate the legacy of the history of their ancestors,” Hariette said. The book is not intended as an academic book, she said. It was written by Javanese-Surinamese about themselves. “This is the first book of its kind that comprehensively covers three historically significant countries: Suriname, Indonesia and the Netherlands,” she said.

After the book launch in The Hague, Erasmus Huis in Jakarta plans to have its own book launch with related activities on Jan. 20, 2011. A photo exhibition will run from Jan. 20 to Feb. 18, 2011. More info can be found by clicking here

Migratie en cultureel erfgoed: Verhalen van Javanen in Suriname, Indonesië en Nederland. Editors: Lisa Djasmadi, Rosemarijn Hoeftre, Hariëtte Mingoen.
Publisher: KITLV Press, the Netherlands 2010
158 pages

[from The Jakarta Post, Sunday, January 09, 2011]

Boek en website met Javaanse verhalen

Op 27 november 2010 worden boek en website van het levensverhalenproject over Javaanse migranten gepresenteerd. Het boek krijgt de titel Migratie en cultureel erfgoed: Verhalen van Javanen in Suriname, Indonesië en Nederland. De website zal doorgaan onder de naam Javanen in diaspora.

Het idee voor het project kwam van Hariëtte Mingoen en Yvette Kopijn, voor de samenstelling van het boek tekende Rosemarijn Hoefte (KITLV), Hariëtte Mingoen en Lisa Djasmadi (Stichting Comité Herdenking Javaanse Immigratie). De selectie van citaten uit de levensverhalen voor de website werd gemaakt door Hariëtte Mingoen, Lisa Djasmadi en Yvette Kopijn. De interviews werden uitgewerkt door Mingoen en Djasmadi, de eindredactie van de website kwam voor rekening van Kopijn.

Deze nieuwe aanwinsten voor het Javaans erfgoed kwamen mede tot stand door de eigen inspanningen van de Javaanse gemeenschap in Nederland. De inzet van vrijwilligers verdient hierbij extra vermelding.

Wie de presentatie wil bijwonen moet zijn komst voor 19 november aankondigen via: stichji@yahoo.com
lisadjasmadi@hotmail.com
sitinjak@kitlv.nl

Datum: 27 november 2010
Plaats: Bibliotheek, Spui Den Haag;
Tijd:13.00-18.00 uur.

Op 3 december wordt het boek ook in Suriname op feestelijke wijze gepresenteerd in Sana Budaya. Tijdens de presentatie kan men genieten van muziek en dans. Ismene Krishnadath zal voorlezen uit haar roman Satyem.

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