blog | werkgroep caraïbische letteren
Posts tagged with: feminisme

Angela Davis: aftrap van een volle week

Tekst en foto’s van Anja Meulenbelt

De aftrap van een volle week, met Angela Davis en Gina Dent, die er voor zijn overgekomen uit de VS. Tropenmuseum, een passende omgeving, dit eens koloniale museum. Vijfhonderd mensen in de zaal, en wachtlijsten. Het is al lang geleden dat Davis in Nederland was, iemand uit de zaal kan het haar precies vertellen: 16 jaar geleden en 25 jaar geleden. Zo’n bijeenkomst als deze had toen niet gekund, zegt Davis. read on…

Moving Together: Activism, Art and Education – A Week with Angela Davis

Moving Together: Activism, Art and Education – A Week with Angela Davis is a weeklong program taking place from 12-17 May at various arts, cultural, educational and heritage institutions, and community centers in Amsterdam. Together with esteemed guest Professor Angela Y. Davis, as well as artists, scholars, activists and audience members, we will look into questions of citizenship, communal knowledge sharing, intergenerational activism, and relevant artistic practices. read on…

En toen tweette Sneeuwwitje: #MeToo

door Ewoud Ceulemans

Een slapende vrouw die door een onbekende man wordt gekust? Ondenkbaar, in tijden van #MeToo. Toch groeien kinderen op met de verhalen van Doornroosje en Sneeuwwitje, waarin net dat gebeurt. Tijd om de sprookjes overboord te gooien, of net niet? read on…

Gloria Wekker wint Joke Smitprijs 2017

Gloria Wekker is de winnares van de Joke Smitprijs 2017, zo maakte de jury vandaag bekend. Wekker ontving de prijs op maandag 11 december uit handen van minister Ingrid  van Engelshoven (emancipatie) in Amsterdam. De Oranjeleeuwinnen zijn verkozen tot winnaar van de Aanmoedigingsprijs.

read on…

Elisabeth Leijnse wint óók de Libris Geschiedenis Prijs

Een boek dat de Volkskrant nóóit besprak!

 

Zojuist is bekend geworden dat Elisabeth Leijnse de Libris Geschiedenis Prijs 2015-2016 heeft gewonnen voor haar dubbelbiografie Cécile en Elsa, strijdbare freules. Eerder dit jaar won ze er de Biografieprijs mee. Cécile en Elsa zijn de gezusters Cécile en Elsa de Jong van Beek en Donk, zusters van de Curaçaose gouverneur Jan de Jong van Beek en Donk. Cécile de Jong van Beek en Donk was de auteur van de eerste Nederlandse feministische roman: Hilda van Suylenburg. read on…

Het verraad van de feministen

door Jolande Withuis

Het was me een grote eer dat Machteld Zee mij ‘als feminist’ uitnodigde om het eerste exemplaar van haar boek Heilige identiteiten in ontvangst te nemen. Feminist is het enige etiket waarmee ik mezelf zonder aarzeling tooi. read on…

Elisabeth Leijnse wint Biografieprijs

Zojuist is bekend geworden dat Elisabeth Leijnse de Biografieprijs 2016 heeft gewonnen voor haar dubbelbiografie Cécile en Elsa, strijdbare freules. Cécile en Elsa zijn de gezusters Cécile en Elsa de Jong van Beek en Donk, zusters van de Curaçaose gouverneur Jan de Jong van Beek en Donk. Cécile de Jong van Beek en Donk was de auteur van de eerste Nederlandse feministische roman: Hilda van Suylenburg. read on…

Aafke In Wonderland: Suitsupply

door Aafke Romeijn


Aafke Romeijn doet nuchter verslag van gestoorde scènes in de wondere wereld van onze maatschappij, media en onderwijs.

Deze week hingen ze er opeens weer, de jaarlijks terugkerende reclameposters van Suitsupply. Inmiddels is het een traditie met drie vaste ingrediënten: lekkere naakte wijven, mannen in pak en een flinke portie smakeloosheid. En jawel hoor, ook dit jaar hebben de reclamemakers zich van hun taak gekweten: kleine mannetjes in pak gebruiken grote, naakte, donkere vrouwen als speeltuin. De pakken die verkocht moeten worden, zijn nauwelijks te zien. Een relletje is geboren. Missie: wederom geslaagd. read on…

The Rise of Beyoncé, The Fall of Lauryn Hill: A Tale of Two Icons

by Janell Hobson

Fifteen years ago, the stardom of then-23-year-old Lauryn Hill had peaked when she released what would become her defining musical legacy. After rising to popularity as part of the hip-hop trio The Fugees, with fellow members Wyclef Jean and Pras, she later released her solo album, The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill, read on…

Who’s Afraid of Black Sexuality? (5)

by Stacey Patton

Among scholars, much of the early work was done by historians, particularly black feminist historians, says Johnson. They brought out of the shadows the violation of black women under slavery—and the women’s response to it. They discussed the ways black women had kept their sexual lives private throughout history, to protect themselves against racism. In medical and literary studies, theorists like Evelyn M. Hammonds, Hortense J. Spillers, and Claudia Tate drew on psychoanalysis to understand the psychosexual dynamics of that privacy. Other scholars dealt with the emasculation of black men through lynching. But many early studies of the period focused on black sexuality as something that whites violated, suppressed, or exaggerated to justify discrimination. Few said anything about black sexual agency, pleasure and intimacy, or same-sex relationships.
 
And the reason that those might be explored as a category separate from human sexuality in general—without employing what Darieck Scott calls “essentially racist logic”—is the enduring history of black bodies, living under an exploitative and objectifying gaze.
 
In the early days, however, black nationalists and segments of the civil-rights movement accused black feminists of diverting attention from the urgent work of eradicating racism and restoring black manhood. Others objected that, for example, Alice Walker’s depiction of incest reinforced stereotypes about dysfunctional black masculinity.
 
“It’s easy for people to forget all the hostility,” says Spelman’s Guy-Sheftall. That history made it more difficult to include sexuality discourse in black studies as the field developed, she says.
 
It was in the late 1980s that queer studies began to make its mark in black studies. In 1986 came the publication of In the Life, an anthology of writing by black gay men, edited by Joseph F. Beam, an African-American gay-rights activist who died of an HIV-related illness in 1988. “The bottom line is this: We are Black men who are proudly gay,” he famously declared. And when Beam wrote that he wanted the truth to be told instead of watered-down versions of black life that excluded people like him, queer scholars heeded his call.
 
Everything has a price. Image © Nicolaas Porter
 
In 2000, frustrated by what he saw as silence about race in queer studies, Northwestern’s E. Patrick Johnson organized the first black queer academic conference, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, with Mae G. Henderson, who is straight. “I understood that identity is something that is created,” Johnson says. “Race might be an invention, but racism is not. It’s very real, and white gay men didn’t get that. They didn’t have to, because they are white men.” The conference drew 400 attendees, many of them graduate students who, he says, “came seeking affirmation of the research they wanted to do.”
 
The time was finally right. Younger scholars had grown up exposed to work by black LGBT writers and filmmakers like Marlon Riggs, Essex Hemphill, and Melvin Dixon. They had taken courses in gender studies and queer theory in college and were ready to see sexuality as a performance, a social construct, a varied phenomenon.
 
After Magic Johnson’s November 1991 news conference announcing that he was HIV-positive, black America could no longer insist that it was not at risk for the infection, which had been associated most closely with white gay men. In the years following, it became clear that AIDS activism would have to extend to communities of color being ravaged by the disease. The urgency of the AIDS crisis “really prompted folks to say that we cannot continue to proceed as if we don’t have a gay community within the black community, and we can’t proceed in the academy as if queer studies does not matter,” says Johnson. “The young folks are saying, ‘Let’s talk about sex, because people’s lives depend on it.'”
Those young people are also frustrated, and willing to say so. For decades, the “welfare queen” has been a standard cultural image, illustrated with oversexed addicts and promiscuous single mothers who bankrupt the country (and, in a recent iteration, drive up the federal deficit). “The visual for those stories has always been a black person,” says Celeste Watkins-Hayes, a black-studies professor at Northwestern. She recalls President Ronald Reagan’s stereotype of a welfare queen who used 80 names, 30 addresses, 12 Social Security cards, and was collecting $150,000 worth of Medicaid, food stamps, and veterans’ benefits.
“Racial oppression is diminishing and limiting,” Watkins-Hayes says. “Black-sexuality studies is about being liberatory, reinforcing, and life-affirming. Those two tensions end up making for fruitful scholarship. The confluence of those ingredients has led to a deliberate and clear articulation of a subfield called black sexuality studies.”
 
[to be continued]
  • RSS
  • Facebook
  • Twitter